Hyperpigmentation from Acne

Stubborn acne is often annoying, especially if it grows on the face area that it can affect the appearance. Complaints about the growth of acne can be experienced by anyone, although it is more common in adolescents during puberty. Not only when the acne grows, but after the acne is cured, the problem is not finished there. There will be black stains that appear that can even last for a matter of years. Almost everyone must have encountered this problem. This is a black stain or hyperpigmentation from acne. Usually, areas of the skin where there are pimples will be darker in color and this dark color is difficult to fade.

Hyperpigmentation from Acne
Hyperpigmentation from Acne (Picture: acne.org)

In general, hyperpigmentation is the pigment melanin builds up on certain areas of the skin caused by the skin producing excess amounts of melanin. After the acne is cured, dark blemishes will appear on the acne-prone skin, this is called hyperpigmentation because of acne.

Hyperpigmentation from Acne Scars

Hyperpigmentation due to acne can appear in men and women of all skin types. However, people who have naturally dark skin tend to have this problem more easily. Not always black, this hyperpigmentation can appear brown, pink, or reddish.

This condition is usually referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, it is hyperpigmentation that arises after there is inflammation in the skin. Getting rid of this hyperpigmentation is more difficult than getting rid of acne. Because fading dark blemishes due to acne take a long time.

Hyperpigmentation in acne is the final stage of the acne healing process. That is, inflammation and infection in acne begin to subside. So, acne is not inflamed and blackheads are not subjected to healing processes. Blackheads can be removed and cleaned and then the pores of the skin shrink as before and do not leave hyperpigmentation.

In the acne-healing process, blood flow will be faster in the acne-prone area. At this time inflammation occurs in acne and inflamed skin cells will promote the formation of melanin. So, the longer the acne healing process will be the more melanin produced. As a result, acne-prone skin will darken and cause dark spots or hyperpigmentation.

Most acne is not very severe, so it may not give rise to hyperpigmentation. However, hyperpigmentation can appear due to squeezing acne and peeling off the skin on acne wounds that dry out. In addition, acne-prone skin that is exposed to direct sunlight is easier to hyper pigment due to UV rays.

Hyperpigmentation Acne Scars Treatment

One of the easiest ways to deal with hyperpigmentation due to acne is to wear skin care products such as serums or creams that contain active ingredients. Although it does not disappear immediately in a short time, regular use of the active ingredient within at least 3 months will show significant results.

There are active ingredients to treat hyperpigmentation due to acne:

1. Retinoids

These retinoids are vitamin A derivative compounds that are effective for treating skin disorders such as hyperpigmentation. Retinoids often used for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are retinol and tretinoin.

In addition to fading hyperpigmentation, retinoids can also relieve inflammation in acne and accelerate skin cell regeneration. No wonder that retinol as one of the retinoid derivatives is widely used to treat acne problems.

2. Azelaic Acid

This active ingredient can help with acne healing and is proven to be effective for fading hyperpigmentation due to acne. Azelaic acid can inhibit the formation of melanin so that hyperpigmentation will fade.

3. Niacinamide

Niacinamide is a vitamin B3 that is widely used to fade hyperpigmentation. Niacinamide with a content of 2% – 5% effectively fades hyperpigmentation on light skin and Asian skin.

4. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is one of the active ingredients that are effective for overcoming hyperpigmentation and is safer without causing skin irritation. Long-term use of vitamin C is relatively safe with no side effects. In addition to inhibiting the formation of melanin, vitamin C is an antioxidant and can relieve inflammation.

Hopefully, this information about "hyperpigmentation from acne" will be useful for you, especially those who want to overcome acne.

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